AMERICA’S BYZANTINE STRATEGY

The U.S. can do worse than emulate the strategy of an empire that survived for a thousand years. The Roman Empire was the longest-lasting empire in world history, enduring more than fourteen centuries. Throughout its republican and imperial history, Rome relied heavily on military power, using conquest to expand the empire. As Luttwak observes in […]

DRONES AND THE DISRUPTION OF NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIES

Drones are … muting proponents [of other elements of national power] through the perceived efficiency of a low risk military solution. Drones are disrupting America’s approach to establishing and maintaining national security. Drones have been used to conduct hundreds of officially acknowledged strikes outside of combat zones, creating a market for combat options where none […]

THE UTILITY OF MILITARY FORCE

Democracies have the burden of legitimacy. They must prove that their actions are consistent with democratic values and international norms or be cast as pariahs. Louis XIV engraved on his cannons “ultima ratio regum,” the last argument of the king. War is a costly and violent instrument of policy, yet an effective one if properly […]